Caviar, often known as caviar, is a meal made from fish eggs that look like this:
And it’s served by dusting it on top of the main dish, like the one below.
This is ossetra caviar, a delectable dish made out of salmon flesh, potato onion croquettes, basil oil, and egg whites, with caviar on top. Yum!
But hold on a second.
Caviar is a high-end food and one of the most costly dishes available. 100 grams of caviar may cost up to five million rupiah!
Caviar is made up of the eggs of a kind of fish known as sturgeon.
Sturgeon fish formations are a touch intimidating, and their size is gigantic (as anybody who sees Monster Catch or Zeb Hogan’s programs knows):
Sturgeon, white ( Acipenser transmontanus )
Sturgeon in the lake ( Acipenser fulvescens )
Sturgeon from the Baikal ( Acipenser baerii baicalensis )
Sturgeons belong to the Acipenseridae family of fish, which is connected to the Polyodontidae family, which includes shovel fish and paddlefish (of which only one species, the American shovel, survives today). In 2019, the Chinese shovel was confirmed extinct.
The sturgeon is related to the more well-known alligator gar.
Sturgeons are the biggest freshwater fish in the world today. The Acipenseridae family has an average length of 1–3 meters and a weight of 70–100 kilos.
The Beluga Sturgeon (Huso huso) holds the record for the largest Acipenseridae as well as the largest freshwater fish, with a length of 7.2 meters and a weight of 1.6 tons. This fish was captured in Europe, at the mouth of the Volga River.
Because to the threat of egg harvesting, fishing for its rich flesh, and pollution in the rivers and lakes where they inhabit, the beluga sturgeon, like most other sturgeons, is critically endangered or endangered.
The sturgeon is a one-of-a-kind fish. Since the Cretaceous Period, this fish family has been found in the fossil record. This implies that sturgeons formerly coexisted with non-avian dinosaurs.
Sturgeons, like sharks and rays, have a cartilage skeleton despite being categorized as Actinopterygii, or spine-finned fish. The skin of a sturgeon is also smooth and free of scales. Instead, they contain rows of bony scales (called scutes ) on their backs, which classify them as primitive spinyfin fish.
Organic compounds and freshwater plankton found at the bottom of rivers and lakes are eaten by these fish, and some species also consume snails, freshwater crustaceans, and other smaller fish.
Despite its widespread distribution in rivers and lakes across North America and Eurasia, the population of this fish is falling due to the ongoing demand for sturgeon eggs for caviar. Several nations, including Japan, South Korea, the United States, Russia, and Bolivia, are attempting to raise this fish specifically for the purpose of producing eggs and meat rather than taking it from nature. Despite this, the sturgeon is still endangered since its habitat is frequently exposed to human-caused water pollution.
All conservation efforts, hopefully, will be fruitful. At the very least, you’ll be able to keep the species alive. Don’t allow the rare species of old freshwater fish go extinct.
It’s important to remember that we’ve already lost this fish: